Here come the jellies

What do you get when you combine overfishing with large-scale nutrient runoff from industrial farms into rivers and the sea? Plagues of jellyfish:

The Namibian coast, for instance, used to be “hugely productive in fish,” [UBC fisheries graduate student Lucas Brotz] says, “and now it is entirely dominated by jellyfish. Things appear to be going that way in the Middle East, South Pacific, the Gulf of Mexico and the Mediterranean.”

This is what unlimited fishing with ever-better gear inevitably produces – short term profits for a few years followed by severely degraded ecosystems indefinitely.

Author: Milan

In the spring of 2005, I graduated from the University of British Columbia with a degree in International Relations and a general focus in the area of environmental politics. In the fall of 2005, I began reading for an M.Phil in IR at Wadham College, Oxford. Outside school, I am very interested in photography, writing, and the outdoors. I am writing this blog to keep in touch with friends and family around the world, provide a more personal view of graduate student life in Oxford, and pass on some lessons I've learned here.

10 thoughts on “Here come the jellies”

  1. More on fisheries:

    Tomorrow Today report
    Friday, March 14th, 2008

    New UNEP report: ‘In Dead Water’
    Monday, February 25th, 2008

    Fishing should never be subsidized
    Wednesday, January 23rd, 2008

    Costly cod
    Friday, January 18th, 2008

    Advertising over-fishing
    Tuesday, January 8th, 2008

    Films and fish stocks
    Tuesday, August 21st, 2007

    Dolphin safe tuna
    Wednesday, February 14th, 2007

    Lomborg on fish
    Thursday, June 29th, 2006

    More bad news for world fisheries
    Thursday, January 5th, 2006

  2. Title: Jellyfish Salad
    Yield: 1 Serving

    Ingredients

    125 g (4 oz) Salted jellyfish
    1 lg Cucumber
    Salt
    1/2 c Small peeled cooked prawns
    125 g (4 oz) Roast chicken,
    -preferably b
    2 tb Vegetable or peanut oil
    1 Spring onion, finely chop’d
    1 tb Fish sauce (nuoc mam)
    Fresh coriander leaves,
    -chopped
    Black pepper
    2 tb Pickled carrot
    2 tb Roasted peanuts, chopped

    Instructions

    Soak the jellyfish in hot water for 2 hours, changing the water
    twice. Drain and cut into thin strips. Peel the cucumber, cut in
    halves lengthwise and slice thinly. Place in a dish with 1 teaspoons
    salt and leave for 10 mins. Rinse and drain.

    Shred the chicken. Saute the chicken and prawns briefly in the oil
    adding the chopped onion and fish sauce. Add the jellyfish and toss
    in the pan. Remove and leave to cool, then mix with the remaining
    ingredients and pile onto a small plate.

    (C) Copyright : Vietnam – The Pleasure Of Cooking Mini-Series.

  3. A profusion of jellyfish is often described as an invasion or an attack. Which is laughable, given the guiding principle of jellyfish behavior—”whatever.” No brain, no spine; they don’t have the capacity to plan a beach invasion. We bump into them, and because we’re too big to eat, they perceive us as attackers.

    Planning is not their forte. In place of a brain, jellies have a nerve net. Jellyfish are the free-floating relatives of sea anemones and corals, much older than fish, and not much changed for more than 600 million years. They ruled the ocean, in their passive way, when there was almost nothing but ocean. Now they drift into their food or their food drifts into them. The pulsing creates a current that pulls prey within reach.

  4. Japanese fishing trawler sunk by giant jellyfish
    A 10-ton fishing boat has been sunk by gigantic jellyfish off eastern Japan.

    By Julian Ryall in Tokyo
    Published: 7:00AM GMT 02 Nov 2009

    The trawler, the Diasan Shinsho-maru, capsized off Chiba`as its three-man crew was trying to haul in a net containing dozens of huge Nomura’s jellyfish.

    Each of the jellyfish can weigh up to 200 kg and waters around Japan have been inundated with the creatures this year. Experts believe weather and water conditions in the breeding grounds, off the coast of China, have been ideal for the jellyfish in recent months.

    The crew of the fishing boat was thrown into the sea when the vessel capsized, but the three men were rescued by another trawler, according to the Mainichi newspaper. The local Coast Guard office reported that the weather was clear and the sea was calm at the time of the accident.

  5. Green.view
    The rise of slime

    Nov 17th 2009
    From Economist.com
    Warmer water is exacerbating problems in the oceans

    THE fishermen of Kokongi, Japan, have seen record hauls this year. They are not, however, very happy. Their nets are trapping jellyfish: giant, gelatinous, wobbly and worthless. Jellyfish were once rare along these shores, but are now an almost annual occurrence.

    It is the same story in many other parts of the world. Jellyfish are blamed for damaging fishing, shutting down power and desalination plants, and upsetting swimmers.

    There is one man, though, who may be justified in saying “I told you so”. His name is Jeremy Jackson of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography, in San Diego, and for the past decade he has been touring the world giving a depressing presentation he calls the “Brave New Ocean”.

    Dr Jackson is a commanding presence in any room, with his long, white ponytail and booming voice. The story he has been telling is quite simple, that the world’s oceans are undergoing a profound shift because of overfishing, habitat destruction and warming. The effects are seen in the rise of jellyfish, and also in algal blooms and “blobs”, something he describes as “the rise of slime”.

    Indeed, a report recently identified increases in marine mucilage, a seasonal phenomenon consisting of a gelatinous mess of decomposing sea animals, plants, faeces and anything else that has become entrapped in the slime. Mucilage forms when decomposing material fails to sink rapidly to the bottom of the sea. In certain circumstances it can spread over hundreds of kilometres.

  6. Rise of the Jellyfishes

    Human-induced changes to marine systems, such as overfishing, habitat destruction, and climate change, have resulted in large declines in top fish predators. In some such systems, a correlated increase in large jellyfishes has occurred, leading some to suggest that anthropogenic impacts on marine systems may result in a shift from planktivorous fish-dominated to jellyfish-dominated trophic webs. This shift seems paradoxical because actively swimming and hunting fish appear much more efficient than slow, drifting jellyfish. Acuña et al. (p. 1627), however, show that in terms of relative prey consumption rates, fish and jellyfish are similar. It seems that jellyfish make up for their inability to track prey actively by being large and thus encounter a greater number of prey items.

    http://www.sciencemag.org/content/333/6049/twis.full

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